Modern Standard Arabic

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خَيْرُ الْأُمُورِ أَوْسَطُهَا﴿

١٣

2. Passive voice and double transitive verbs

٢)صِيغَةُ الْمَجْهُولِ لِأَفْعَالٍ تَنْصُبُ مَفْعُولَيْنِ

If sentences with two objects (↑L15) are in the passive voice, the first object becomes the subject and the second object remains object in the accusative:

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13

خَيْرُ الْأُمُورِ أَوْسَطُهَا﴿

١٣

I have given a device to Muhammad.

Muhammad has been given a device.

سَمَّى هـ

to call s.o. (by a name)

active

passive

سَمَّتِ الْأُمُّ الْوَلَدَ مُحَمَّدًا.

سُمِّيَ الْوَلَدُ مُحَمَّدًا.

The mother has called the child Muhammad.

The child was called Muhammad.

The direct object is retained even if the subject is not mentioned:

سُمِّيَ مُحَمَّدًا.

He was called Muhammad.

If a personal pronoun replaces the second object, the particle إيَّا will preceed it. (↑L19)

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