Modern Standard Arabic

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إِنَّ التَّوْفِيقَ مِنَ اللهِ سُبْحَانَهُ َتَعَالَى﴿

٤

4. Prepositions

٤) حُرُوفُ الْجَرِّ

All prepositions are followed by the genitive.

The prepositions بِ »with« and لِ »for« are connected to the following word: بِالْقَلَمِ »with the pen«. Note: The Alif of the article is omitted after لِ: »for the man« لِلرَّجُلِ.

Different prepositions can be part of the same verb, changing the meaning significantly:

The student stood up.

قَامَ الطَّالِبُ.

to stand up

قَامَ

The president paid the university a visit.

قَامَ الرَّئِيسُ بِزِيَارَةٍ فِي الْجَامِعَةِ.

to carry out s.th.

قَامَ بِـ

The students revolted against the president.

قَامَ الطُّلَّابُ عَلَى الرَّئِيسِ.

to revolt against s.o. or s.th.

قَامَ عَلَى

The students stood up in honour of the president.

قَامَ الطُّلَّابُ لِلرَّئِيسِ.

to stand up in honour of s.o.

قَامَ لِـ

The prepositions عِنْدَ / مَعَ / لِ also express »to have s.th., to own s.th.«:

Often these prepositions are used with a pronominal suffix as well (↑6):

١۸، ١۹، ٢۹، ٣۰، ٣١

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