Modern Standard Arabic

Englisch Seitenzahl
1st part (of a genitive construct) 115
1st part of a genitive construct 121
1st term 534
2nd part (of a genitive construct) 115
2nd part of a genitive construct 121
2nd term 534
2nd term of a genitive construct 615
2nd term of genitive construct 615
absolute negation 438
abstract counting 211
abstract nouns 291, 587
accusative 7, 65, 66, 68, 69, 71, 72, 95, 96, 119, 121, 156, 160, 179, 180, 181, 182, 208, 209, 212,240, 263, 289, 336, 359, 390, 392, 393, 414, 416, 464, 465, 468, 501-504, 506-507, 507-508, 530, 564, 589, 590, 592, 618, 619
accusative, adverbial 589
accusative, cognate 502, 503, 509, 590
accusative, conjunctions with 509
accusative, tamyīz 420
accusative, Tamyīz 416-417
accusative, Tamyīz- 416, 417, 419, 506
accusative after إِيَّاكَ وَ … 508
accusative after وَ 561
accusative after وَاوُ الْمَعِيَّةِ 508
accusative after Wāw 509
accusative of command 508
accusative of general negation 508
accusative of greeting and thanking 508
accusative of purpose and reason 504, 509
accusative of the state of a verbal action 504
accusative of the subject 509
action 92, 113, 158, 263, 264, 265, 266, 366, 367, 416, 463, 464, 466, 506, 562, 563
action, beginning of an 265
action, certain 264
action, continuous 264
action, intensified 503
action, repeated 264
action, routine 264
action, uncertain, in the future 613
action, verbal 41, 42, 158, 292, 368, 503, 504, 505
actions 92, 158, 159, 263, 463, 505, 562
actions, verbal 562
active 333, 336, 337, 360, 361
active in the Imperfect 96
active in the Perfect 96
active participle 41, 360, 361, 363, 364, 365, 367, 368, 388
active participles 360-362,364, 366, 367,416, 502
active voice 91, 96, 333
active voice in the Imperfect 96
active voice in the Perfect 96
adjectival attribute 116, 118
adjective 5, 26, 44-45,46, 115, 116, 118, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 412, 413, 418, 419, 503, 504, 533, 534, 535, 589, 590, 611, 619
adjective pattern أَفْعَلُ 411-412,416
adjective suffix ـَاوِيٌّ 588
adjective suffix ـَوِيٌّ 588
adjective suffixes 588
adjectives 44, 45, 68, 120, 237, 360, 364, 394, 411, 412, 415, 416, 418, 506, 534, 535, 588
adjectives, color 411, 416
adjectives, compound 533
adjectives, Nisba 417, 588
adjectives, Nisba- 411, 416
adjectives for colours and physical defects 588
adjectives of physical characteristics or defects 412
adjectives of the form فَعْلَانٌ 417
adjectives of the form فَعُولٌ 417
adjectives with the structure أَفْعَلُ 415
adverb 26, 72, 414, 535, 589, 590, 611
adverb, interrogative 616
adverb of place 593
adverb of time 72, 593
adverbial accusative 589
adverbial constructions 71
adverbial particles 617
adverbial phrases 590
adverbs 65, 71, 589-590,591
adverbs, interrogative 591
adverbs, numeral 393
adverbs, qualitative 589
adverbs, quantitative 589
adverbs of manner 590
adverbs of place 590
adverbs of time 71, 589, 590
adversative clause 264
affirmative nominal sentences 263
affirmative order 158
af‛alu / fa‛lā‘u 68
after 156
agent 333
agents 92
agreement, gender 179, 209, 211
agreement, rules of 95
agreement between noun and adjective 44
agreement in gender 44, 95
agreement in gender and number 95, 504, 505
agreement in number 44, 95
agreement in number and gender 44, 412
agreement in status of (in-) definiteness 45
alif sound 23
Alif 3, 5, 6, 7, 16, 21, 22, 43, 65, 70, 92, 114, 119, 155, 157, 207, 208, 291, 591, 592
Alif maqṣūra 208
all 181-182
alphabet 6-7, 16
alphabet, Arabic 3
already 156, 158
alternative question 24
amazement 507-508,509
annexed 115
answering particles 564
anteposition of the object 615
Apocopate 91, 96, 155-156,157, 158, 159, 234-236,237, 261, 262, 263, 438, 443, 563
applications of the accusative 508
apposition 182, 537
appositions 532-533
Arabic, colloquial 68, 69, 92, 94, 155, 157, 158, 159, 207, 287, 338, 359, 464, 468, 615
Arabic, modern standard 159
Arabic, Modern Standard 45, 264
Arabic, spoken 237, 264
Arabic, standard 387, 468, 615
Arabic alphabet 3
Arabic descriptor 23
Arabic dialects 92
Arabic letters 3-4
Arabic numerals 120
Arabic script 7, 11-13
Arabic scripts 15
arabization 394
article 21-22,26, 69, 70, 93, 115, 116, 118, 121, 185, 364, 418, 507, 533, 534, 535
artificial infinitive 291, 359
artificial verbal noun 294
attribute 44, 45, 116, 412, 531, 588, 593
attribute (of a genitive construct) 115
attribute, adjectival 116, 118
attributes 292, 418, 529, 533
auxiliary signs 5
auxiliary verb 263
auxiliary vowel 93, 159
base form 261, 289, 337, 360
base Form 261
base pattern 91, 92
basic form 261, 291
basic form I 289
basic structure 263, 287
basic structures 612
beginning of an action 265
bodily defects 68
both 619
broken plural 41, 42, 43, 47, 65, 66, 364
broken plural form 44
broken plural forms 585
broken plurals 43, 46, 68
calligraphy, Arabic 7
capital letters 11
cardinal numeral 239, 393
cardinal numerals from 20 209-211
cardinal number 121, 240
cardinal numbers 237, 238, 239
cardinal numbers 1 – 10 120-121
cardinal numbers from 11 to 20 179
carrier of Hamza 591
carrier 591
case 41, 44, 45, 65, 115, 182, 210, 237, 365, 414, 529, 532
case, genitive 467
case ending 116, 467
case endings 65, 68, 116, 121, 292
cases 68
causative 337, 467
causative clauses 467
certain action 264
chair 591, 592
chair of Hamza 591, 592
chair (of the Hamza) 3, 7
chair of the Hamza 7, 591, 592
characteristics or defects, physical 411
clause 438, 468, 505
clause, adversative 264
clause, conditional 464
clause, conditional, unreal 264
clause, nominal 612
clause, relative 69, 365
clause, subordinate 292, 443, 463, 464, 466, 611, 612
clause, verbal 612
clauses 437, 439, 441
clauses, causative 467
clauses, conditional 92
clauses, consecutive 467
clauses, object 564
clauses, optative 92
clauses, relative 336, 364-366
clauses, relative, shortened 502
clauses, subordinate 94, 156
cognate accusative 502, 503, 509, 590
collective 593
collective, generic 593
collective, proper 593
collective meaning 585, 587
collective noun 586, 593
collectives 585-587
collectives, generic 585
collectives, Nisba 587
collectives, proper 586
collectives describing non-humans 586
collectives with a feminine Nisba 587
collocations 563, 616
colloquial Arabic 68, 69, 92, 94, 155, 157, 158, 159, 207, 287, 338, 359, 464, 468, 615
colloquial language 115, 158
colloquial verbs 237
color adjectives 411, 416
colors 288, 411
colours 68, 338
colours and physical defects, adjectives for 588
combinations with يَا لَكَ مِنْ 507
comparative 360, 368, 412-416, 419
comparative form 412, 414
comparison 413, 414, 416-417,420, 506, 561
comparison, negative 417
comparisons, unreal 442
compound 264, 533, 589
compound adjectives 533
compound form 563
compound numbers 120
compound words 46
concessive conjunctions 444
concessive sentences 443
conclusion 439, 442
condition 366, 437, 439, 441, 442
conditional 463
conditional clause 464
conditional clause, unreal 264
conditional clauses 92, 563
conditional >>if<< 563
condition in conditional sentences 444
conditional particles 617
conditional sentence 437, 444
conditional sentence, real 437
conditional sentences 437, 444, 564
conditional sentences, real 439, 440, 442
conditional sentences, unreal 441
conditional sentences with إِذَا 437-441
conditional sentences with إِنْ 439, 443
conditional sentences with لَوْ 441-442,443
conditions 92, 437, 438, 440, 441
conditions, real 437
conjugation 93, 96, 207, 234, 236, 262
conjugation forms 234
conjugation of the sound verb 92
conjugation pattern 207
conjugation patterns 287
conjunction 212, 292, 437, 438, 439
conjunction أَنْ 263
conjunction بَلْ 465
conjunction حِينَمَا 464
conjunction سِوَى 468
conjunction عِنْدَمَا 464
conjunction غَيْرَ 468
conjunction كَمَا لَوْ أَنَّ 442
conjunction كَمَا لَوْ كَانَ 442
conjunction لَا 465
conjunction لٰكِنْ 465
conjunction لٰكِنَّ 465
conjunction لَوْ 441
conjunction وَلَا 465
conjunction وَلٰكِنْ 465
conjunction وَلٰكِنَّ 465
conjunctions 118, 156, 443, 463, 466, 468, 501
conjunctions of time 463
conjunctions with لِـ 506
conjunctions with accusative 509
connecting Hamza 21
connecting vowel 22
consecutive clauses 467
consequence 437, 438, 439, 441, 442
consequence in conditional sentences 444
consonant 5, 7, 71, 113, 236, 389, 591, 592, 617
consonant, doubled 5
consonant cluster 157
consonants 3, 16, 41, 113, 261, 263
construct 115
construct, genitive 115-117,121, 418
construct, genitive, unreal 418-419,420
construct phrase 115
construct state 115
constructions, adverbial 71
constructs, genitive 210
continuous action 264
counting, abstract 211
curses 92
dagger Alif 7
dagger alif 23
amma 5, 22, 43, 44, 65, 68, 92, 93, 113, 118, 119, 155, 157, 207, 233, 389, 589, 591, 592
date 239
dates 211-212, 239
decimal numbers 393
declension 65-68
declination 617
declined in the accusative 72
declined in the genitive 72
declined in the nominative 72
defects, bodily 68
definite 21, 22, 24, 44, 65, 66, 67, 68, 115, 116, 117, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 211, 239, 361, 364, 414, 416, 418, 529, 533, 534, 535, 617
definiteness 237
demonstrative pronoun 24, 26, 43, 116
demonstrative pronouns 23, 43,116, 617
denominative 337
derivations 587
derivatives 41
derived form 91, 337, 360
derived forms 261-263, 287-288,289, 291, 334, 337-338,360, 363, 368, 503
derived forms – characteristics 337-338
derived Forms 261, 389
derived noun 359, 368
derived nouns 291, 360
derived verb 96
derived verbs 337
descriptions of occupation 363
descriptor, Arabic 23
diacritical dots 11
dialects 468
dialects, Arabic 92
diminutive 41, 394
diminutives 389-390
diphthong 207, 212, 234
diphthongs 4, 5
diptote 65, 72, 411
diptotes 65, 68, 120, 185
direct object 118, 293, 337, 391, 501, 509
direct speech 209
disparagement 389, 394
dividing Hamza 21
dots, diacritical 11
double transitive verb 338
double transitive verbs 336-337,501
doubled 21, 113, 119, 288
doubled consonant 5
doubled letter 93
doubling 7, 65, 261
doubling sign 5
doubly transitive verbs 390-392
dual 42, 43, 44, 47, 66, 67, 69, 92, 113, 117, 118, 119, 121, 155, 207, 414, 529, 617, 619
dual ending 617
dual form 23, 43, 44, 92
dual forms 23, 69, 92, 617
dual inflection 179
dual noun 619
dual nouns 619
elative 360, 368, 412, 420
emphasis 208
emphasize 121
ending 42, 46, 65, 66, 68, 589
ending, case 116, 467
ending, dual 617
ending, feminine 22
ending, Nisba 45-46, 588
endingـانِ 113
ending ـِيَّاتٌ 587
endings 66, 68, 155, 261, 617
endings, case 65, 68, 116, 121, 292
endings ـَة and ـِيَا 46
English transliteration 7
epithet 586, 593
event 266
events 92
every 181-182
exception 467-469
exceptive particle 467
exceptive particles 564
exceptive sentence 469
exceptive sentences 467, 564
exceptive sentences without negation 468
exclamations 564
exclamatory particles 564
expression, negated 467
expressions, fixed 367
expressions, impersonal, with أَنَّ 614
expressions, impersonal, with أَنْ 614
expressions, lexical, with أَفْعَلُ 415
extended patterns 91
extensions 588
faā’ilu 68
faāīlu 68
false Iḍāfa 533
Fata 5, 7, 22, 65, 92, 93, 113, 155, 157, 233, 389, 591, 592
fawā‛ilu 68
feminine 22, 25, 26, 42, 43, 44, 45, 65, 66, 67, 69, 95, 121, 158, 179, 184, 208, 209, 210, 238, 239, 336, 363, 364, 365, 412, 413, 414, 507, 530, 586
feminine ending 22
feminine form 120, 121, 237, 360, 368
feminine forms 157
feminine gender 4
feminine gender marker ة 362
feminine nisba 291, 294
feminine Nisba 359, 417, 587
Five Nouns 617, 619
fixed expressions 367
fixed nouns 617-618
form 261, 337, 338
form اِفْعَلَّ 288
form I 337, 416
form I. 261
form II 263, 338, 360
form II. 261
form III 290, 338
form III. 261
form IV 290, 360
form IV. 261
form X. 261
form, base 261, 289, 337, 360
form, basic 261, 291
form, basic, I 289
form, comparative 412, 414
form, compound 563
form, derived 91, 337, 360
form, dual 23, 43, 44, 92
form, feminine 120, 121, 237, 360
form, Imperfect 113-114,233, 234, 263, 289, 293, 441
form, masculine 120, 121, 237
form, nominal 289
form, passive 293
form, past tense 265
form, Perfect 94, 113, 119, 289, 293, 441, 613
form, plural 43, 586, 617
form, singular 43, 95, 336, 586
form, superlative 412
form of intensity فَعَّالٌ 417
formation of words 5
forms 11, 12, 43, 117, 155, 207, 261, 263, 289, 360, 389, 412, 414, 507, 529, 617
forms, conjugation 234
forms, derived 261-263, 287-288,289, 291, 334, 337-338,360, 363, 368, 503
forms, derived – characteristics 337-338
forms, dual 23, 69, 92, 617
forms, feminine 157
forms, masculine 157
forms, plural 46, 291
forms, plural, broken 585
forms, plural, of the infinitive 291
forms, verbal 261
Form I 91, 261, 291, 363, 368
Form I – X 361, 362
Form II 261, 263, 337, 394
Form II, III … X 261
Form III 262, 287, 337
Form IV 262, 263, 337, 364
Form V 262, 263, 338
Form VI 287, 338
Form VII 287, 338
Form VIII 287, 338
Form IX 288, 338
Form X 288, 338
Form, base 261
Forms 261
Forms II-X 91
Forms, derived 261, 389
fourth 533-534
fractions 393
fractional number 393
fractional numbers 393
fu‛alā‘u 68
full verb 96
future 92, 113, 114, 121, 159, 263, 264, 506, 563, 613
future, negated 564
future tense 114, 121, 156, 158, 441
gender 22, 25, 44, 65, 69, 95, 182, 237, 238, 365, 366, 412, 507, 529, 615
gender, feminine 4
gender, natural 22
gender agreement 25-26,179, 209, 211
gender polarity 179, 209, 210, 211
genders 22, 116
general negation >>there is no …<< 159
general negation, accusative of 508
generic collective 593
generic collectives 585
genitive 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 72, 115, 119, 121, 179, 180, 210, 211, 212,419, 468, 529, 530, 534, 535, 557, 589
genitive case 467
genitive construct 115-117,121, 238, 418
genitive construct, 2nd term of 615
genitive construct, 2nd term of a 615
genitive construct, unreal 418-419,420
genitive constructions 533
genitive constructions with ذوand ذات 529
genitive constructs 210
genitive constructs, string of 117
genitive with ذُو and ذَات 617
Ḥāl 464, 504, 505
Ḥāl-accusative 504-505,509
Ḥāl-clause 505-506,509
Ḥāl-clause, negated 505
half- 533-534
Hamza 3, 5, 7, 16, 21, 22, 69, 113, 121, 157, 262, 288, 290, 291, 591, 592
Hamza, carrier of 591
Hamza, chair of 591
Hamza chair 591
Hamza chair rules 93, 113
Hamza chairs 7
Hamza writing 591-592
Hamzas 114
Hamzat qaṭ‘ 21, 262, 290
Hamzat wal 7, 21, 22, 69, 93, 121, 157, 159, 288, 290, 291
hamzated verb 93, 96
hamzated verbs 91, 93, 113
helping vowel 119
how much 179-181
human 363
human plurals 69
humans 411, 586
Iḍāfa, false 533
idiomatic 336
Imperative 91, 96, 157-158, 234-236, 237, 261, 262, 287, 438
Imperative, negated 438, 563
Imperative, negative 159
Imperatives 156, 157, 237
Imperfect 91, 96, 113, 114, 158, 233, 236, 263, 333, 334, 336, 437, 442, 563, 613, 618
Imperfect, indicative 91, 96
Imperfect form 113-114,233, 234, 263, 289, 293, 441
Imperfect sentences, negation of 438
Imperfect tense 91, 155, 156, 207, 233-234,333, 335, 336, 438, 439
Imperfect verb 265, 505
Imperfect vowel 113, 157, 389
impersonal expressions with أَنَّ 614
impersonal expressions with أَنْ 614
in order that 156
in order to 156
indeclinable 179, 184
indefinite 24, 26, 44, 65, 66, 68, 69, 115, 116, 121, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 211, 289, 364, 393, 411, 414, 416, 469, 504, 529, 592, 617
indefiniteness 237
independent object particle إِيَّا 502
independent object particle iyyā 509
independent personal pronoun 26
independent personal pronouns 117
independent pronoun 616
independent pronouns 617
indicative 113, 155, 237
indicative Imperfect 91, 96
indirect object 391
indirect speech 209
infinitive 121, 289-291, 292-293, 294, 336, 465, 502, 503, 504, 591, 592
infinitive, artificial 291, 359
infinitive pattern 289
infinitive of Form I 359, 368
infinitive of the derived Forms 359
infinitive of the derived forms 368
infinitive plurals 291
infinitive patterns 289
infinitive with „Mīm“ 291
infinitive with the prefix Mīm 359
infinitives 290, 291, 292,359, 503, 564
infix –ta- ـتَـ 287
inflection, dual 179
initial vowel 157, 234, 236
instruments 360, 368, 387-388
instruments and vessels, name of 368
intensified action 503
intensified positive 412
intensifier لَـ 441
intensifying 337
intensity 367, 368
intensity, form of, فَعَّالٌ 417
intensity, noun of 368
intensity, nouns of 360, 367-368
interrogative adverb 616
interrogative adverbs 591
interrogative particle 616
interrogative pronoun 25, 184
interrogative pronouns 617
interrogative sentences 94, 180, 507
intransitive 338
intransitive verb 91, 96
intransitive verbs 289, 612
invariable 237
irregular nouns 588, 617
Jussive 91, 96, 155-156,157, 158, 159, 234-236,237, 261, 262, 263, 438, 443, 563
Kasra 5, 22, 65, 92, 93, 113, 118, 119, 157, 159, 207, 233, 291, 389, 591, 592
Lām of amazement 509
language, colloquial 115, 158
letter 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 21, 42, 93
letter, doubled 93
letter, weak 212
letters 3, 4, 11, 12, 13, 21
letters, Arabic 3-4
lexical expressions with أَفْعَلُ 415
lexical phrases 530
likelihood 266, 563, 618
long vowel 21, 71, 207, 287, 361, 390, 592
long vowels 71
Madda 5, 114, 592
mafā‛ilu 68
mafāīlu 68
main clause 209, 365, 442, 443, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 505, 506
masculine 22, 25, 26, 42, 43, 44, 65, 66, 67, 69, 91, 94, 117, 118, 121, 158, 179, 209, 238, 336, 364, 412, 413, 585, 586
masculine form 120, 121, 237
masculine forms 157
maybe 158, 618
maybe 618-619
measurements 417
military time 240
minute 240
minutes 240
modal verbs 613
modern standard Arabic 159
Modern Standard Arabic 45, 264
month 239
months 185
mood 41
moods 91
moon letters 21
myself / yourself / himself 183
name derived from a child 586
name derived from child: Father or mother of 593
name of instruments and vessels 368
names of cities 22
names of countries 22
names of body parts that exist in pairs 22
names of instruments and vessels 360
names of people and nations 586
names of the months 185
names, proper 21, 185, 586
nations 586
natural gender 22
negated expression 467
negated future 564
negated Ḥāl-clause 505
negated Imperative 438, 563
negated Perfect 564
negated statement 444
negated verb 467
negation 156, 158-160, 161, 263, 292,438, 439, 441, 467, 508, 564
negation لَا 535
negation) (لَمْ 156, 438
negation, absolute 438
negation, general, >>there is no …<< 159
negation, general, accusative of 508
negation of actions in the future 159
negation of actions in the past 159
negation of Imperfect sentences 438
negation of nouns 534-536
negation of the infinitives 292
negation particle 159
negations 465
negative comparison 417
negative Imperative 159
negative meaning 588
negative particles 564
negator لَا 439
neither … nor 160-161
nickname 586, 593
nisba,feminine 291, 294
Nisba 46, 47, 585, 586, 588
Nisba, feminine 359, 417, 587
Nisba adjectives 417, 588
Nisba collectives 587
Nisba ending 45-46,588
Nisba nouns 46
Nisba plurals 587
Nisba-adjectives 411, 416
nominal clause 612
nominal form 289
nominal predicate 263, 614
nominal sentence 24-25,160, 181, 263, 501
nominal sentences 24, 65, 69, 438, 611, 618
nominal sentences, affirmative 263
nominal use 293
nominative 65, 69, 72, 119, 121, 181, 507, 530, 615, 616
non-human 363
non-human nouns 365
non-human plural 95
non-human plurals 69, 95
non-humans 364, 586
non-persons 43, 44, 45
not definite 66, 67
not doubled 21
not only …, but also … 536-537
not to 156
not to be 160
not yet 159
noun 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 65, 69, 95, 115, 117, 120, 121, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 209, 210, 211, 237, 238, 240, 292, 293, 359, 364, 368, 389, 412, 413, 414, 416, 418, 419, 438, 442, 465, 466, 467, 468, 501, 503, 507, 508, 532, 533, 534, 535, 587, 589, 590, 611, 612, 616, 617, 618, 619
noun, collective 586, 593
noun, derived 359, 368
noun, dual 619
noun, simple 359, 368
noun, underived 359
noun, verbal 41, 121, 294, 336, 367, 416, 590
noun, verbal, artificial 294
noun for single action 509
noun in the accusative 509
noun of a single verbal action 359, 368
noun of intensity 368
noun of place and time 368
noun of specification (pattern fi῾la) 509
noun of state (pattern fi῾la) 509
noun of the circumstances of the verbal action 359, 368
noun of the single action 503
nouns 22, 43, 45, 46, 65, 68, 69, 95, 115, 116, 117, 121, 161, 181, 183, 212, 292, 359-360,364, 367, 387-388,389, 390, 464, 468, 469, 508, 531, 533, 534, 557, 562, 585, 586, 587, 588, 589, 592, 615, 616, 617, 618
nouns, abstract 291, 587
nouns, derived 291
nouns, dual 619
Nouns, Five 617, 619
nouns, fixed 617-618
nouns, irregular 588, 617
nouns, negation of 534-536
nouns, non-human 365
nouns, quadriliteral 390
nouns, simple 359
nouns, singular 617
nouns, triliteral 390
nouns, undeclinable 617-618
nouns describing people 22
nouns for instruments and vessels 387-388
nouns of intensity 360, 367-368
nouns of place and time 360, 389
nouns often used as مُضَافٌ 531
nouns which denote times or directions 618
numeral 121, 179, 210, 239
numeral, cardinal 239, 393
numeral adverbs 393
numerals 209, 212, 239, 393-394,618
numerals, Arabic 120
numerals, cardinal, from 20 209-211
numerals of reiteration 393
number 41, 42-43,44, 47, 65, 69, 95, 120, 121, 179, 182, 210, 211, 237, 365, 412, 507, 529, 532, 615
number, cardinal 121, 240
number, ordinal 241
number, ordinal, 1st 238
numbers 42, 120, 121, 179, 210, 585
numbers, cardinal 237, 238, 239
numbers, cardinal, 1 – 10 120-121
numbers, cardinal, from 11 to 20 179
numbers, compound 120
numbers, decimal 393
numbers, fractional 393
numbers, ordinal 237, 238, 239, 240, 414
numbers, ordinal, from 1st to 20th 237-239
numeral, ordinal 239
numerals, ordinal 239, 393
Nūn 3, 5, 6, 65
nunation 65, 66, 68, 71, 72, 115, 121, 507
oaths 557, 561
object 65, 91, 94, 95, 96, 208, 292, 333, 336, 337, 502, 504, 611, 615, 616
object, anteposition of the 615
object, direct 118, 293, 337, 391, 501, 509
object, indirect 391
object clauses 564
object particle 502
object pronoun 118
object sentences 95
objects 91, 336, 390, 392, 501
objects in the accusative 501-504
occupation 363
occupations 532
occupations (jobs) 46
one 183-184
optative clauses 92
order, affirmative 158
ordinal number 241
ordinal number 1st 238
ordinal numbers 237, 238, 239, 240, 414
ordinal numbers from 1st to 20th 237-239
ordinal numeral 239
ordinal numerals 239, 393
participle 42, 289, 360, 361, 364, 365, 366, 367, 418, 504, 589
participle, active 41, 360, 361, 363, 364, 365, 367, 368, 388
participle, passive 41, 291, 336, 360, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 368, 389, 394
participles 360, 363-364, 364-366,416, 418, 614
participles, active 360-362,364, 366, 367,416, 502
participles, passive 360-362,364, 366, 367
particle 41, 212, 359, 368, 502
particle, exceptive 467
particle, interrogative 616
particle, negation 159
particle, object 502
particle, object, إِيَّا 502
particle, prefix, فَـ 465
particle أَ 24
particle إِنَّ 208
particle أَيْ 184
particle إِيَّا 337
particle سَـ 438
particle سَوْفَ 438
particle غَيْرُ 618
particle فَـ 438, 467, 562-563,616
particle فَـ after initial أَمَّا 616
particle قَدْ 438, 505, 563, 616
particle لَا 438
particle لَمْ 438
particle لَنْ 438
particle هَلْ 24
particle يَا 507
particles 155, 557, 563-564
particles, adverbial 617
particles, answering 564
particles, conditional 617
particles, exceptive 564
particles, exclamatory 564
particles, negative 564
particles فقد, لقد, قَدْ 563
particles for achieving attention 564
particles for introducing conditional sentences 564
particles of swearing an oath 564
particles with following accusative 564
passive 333, 336, 337, 360, 361, 392, 613
passive form 293
passive in the Imperfect 96
passive in the Perfect 96
passive participle 41, 291, 336, 360, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 368, 389, 394
passive participles 360-362,364, 366, 367
passive subject 338
passive verbs 612
passive voice 91, 96, 287, 293, 333-336, 336-337,338, 366
passive voice in the Imperfect 96
passive voice in the Perfect 96
past 92, 159, 263, 264, 438, 506, 563
past tense 437, 438, 439, 440
past tense form 265
pattern 41-42, 47, 261, 291, 360, 368, 416, 586
pattern, adjective, أَفْعَلُ 411-412,416
pattern, infinitive 289
pattern, verbal 502
pattern أَفْعَلُ 412, 416, 506
pattern أَفْعَلُ / فَعْلَاءُ 411
pattern فَاعِل 237
pattern فَعَالٌ 416
pattern فَعَلٌ 417
pattern فُعْلٌ 393
pattern فِعْلَةٌ 503
pattern فُعْلَةٌ 416
pattern مَفْعَلٌ 389
pattern مُفَعَّلٌ 394
pattern fila 509
patterns 41, 43, 359, 367, 387, 412, 413, 588
patterns, conjugation 287
patterns, extended 91
patterns, infinitive 289
patterns, verbal 261
pejorative meaning 588
people and nations 586
people and nations, names of 586
Perfect 91, 92, 96, 159, 236, 237, 333, 336, 442, 506, 563, 613
Perfect, negated 564
Perfect form 94, 113, 119, 289, 293, 441, 613
Perfect tense 91, 92-94, 96, 155, 156, 158, 160, 207-208,335, 437, 438, 439, 442, 443, 464, 467, 616
Perfect verb 505
perhaps 158, 618
perhaps 618-619
person 46, 113, 337
personal pronoun 23, 24, 25, 26, 45, 94, 337, 502
personal pronouns 23,92
persons 43, 44, 45, 46, 92, 363
phonetic value 208
phrase, prepositional 26, 468, 611
phrases, adverbial 590
phrases, lexical 530
phrases, prepositional 94
physical characteristics or defects 411
physical characteristics or defects, adjectives of 412
place and time, noun of 368
place and time, nouns of 360, 389
place of the verbal action 41, 42
placeholder pronoun 509
plural 16, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 121, 157, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 210, 211, 292, 412, 413, 414, 530, 586, 587, 617
plural, broken 41, 42, 43, 47, 65, 66, 364
plural, non-human 95
plural, sound 42, 43, 47, 585
plural, sound feminine 42, 66
plural, sound masculine 42, 67, 117, 118, 368
plural form 43, 586, 587, 617
plural form, broken 44
plural form, sound 44, 46
plural forms 46, 291
plural forms, broken 585
plural forms of the infinitive 291
plural of participles 363
plural of the participles 363-364
plurals 22, 42, 365, 411, 412, 586, 587
plurals, broken 43, 46, 68
plurals, human 69
plurals, infinitive 291
plurals, Nisba 587
plurals, non-human 69, 95
plurals, sound feminine 66, 364
plurals, sound masculine 66, 209
polarity 121, 211
polarity, gender 179, 209, 210, 211
positive 412, 415
positive, intensified 412
possessive pronoun 117
possessive pronoun suffix 119
possibly 158, 618
possibly 618-619
predicate 24, 25, 26, 44, 45, 65, 118, 160, 180, 263, 292, 366,413, 611, 616
predicate, nominal 263, 614
predicates 161
prefix 42, 113, 114, 262
prefix a- أ 262
prefix i- اِ 287, 288
prefix ista- اِسْتَـ 288
prefix in- اِنْـ 287
prefix ta- تَـ 262, 287
prefix تـ 157
prefix مُـ 360
prefix particle فَـ 465
prefixes 41
preposition 72, 292, 293, 336, 366, 438, 440, 465, 467, 468, 533, 589
preposition بـِ 183, 293, 393, 590
preposition بِ 70
preposition بَعْدَ 239
preposition عِنْدَ 70
preposition لِ 70, 119
preposition لـِ 116, 158
preposition مَعَ 70, 393
preposition مٍنْ 22, 116, 413
prepositional phrase 26, 468, 611
prepositional phrases 71, 94
prepositions 65, 70,118, 119, 180, 212, 336, 366, 508, 557-562,589, 612
prepositions in the accusative 508
present 92, 113, 121, 263, 506
present tense 24, 121, 158, 160, 263, 437, 438, 441
present time 121
process 292, 366
professions 368
prohibition 158-160,161
pronominal suffix 69, 70, 117-120, 121, 156, 181, 182, 183, 208, 209, 366, 414, 465, 466, 467, 501, 502, 615, 619
pronominal suffixes 182, 617
pronoun 24, 94, 438, 468, 611, 612
pronoun, demonstrative 24, 26, 43, 116
pronoun, independent 616
pronoun, interrogative 25, 184
pronoun, object 118
pronoun, personal 24, 25, 26, 45, 94, 337, 502
pronoun, personal, independent 26
pronoun, possessive 117
pronoun, reflexive 183
pronoun, relative 69, 364
pronouns 23, 117, 562
pronouns, demonstrative 23, 43,116, 617
pronouns, independent 617
pronouns, interrogative 617
pronouns, personal 23,92
pronouns, personal, independent 117
pronouns, relative 69, 72, 336, 617
pronunciation 3-4, 7,21, 23, 118, 120
proper collective 593
proper collectives 586
proper name 593
proper names 21, 185, 586
quadriliteral 91, 96
quadriliteral nouns 390
quadriliteral verbs 261, 290, 360
qualitative adverbs 589
quantitative adverbs 589
quantities, unspecific 180
question 26, 616
question words 591
questions 25, 94, 507
questions using verbs 25
questions with مَا or مَنْ 25
R1 = ء 93, 114, 290, 361, 362
R1 = و 261, 262, 289, 361, 362
R1 = و / ى 287, 288
R1 = ى 289, 361, 362
R2 = ء 93, 114, 290, 361, 362
R2 = R3 93, 114, 290, 361, 362
R2 = و / ى 262, 287, 288
R2 = و or ى 207
R2 = و 261, 262, 287, 289, 361, 362
R2 = ى 261, 262, 287, 289, 361, 362
R3 = ء 93, 114, 290, 361, 362
R3 = و 289, 361, 362
R3 = و / ى 261, 262, 287, 288, 361
R3 = ى 290, 361, 362
real conditional sentence 437
real conditional sentences 439, 440, 442
real conditions 437
reciprocal 338
reciprocal بَعْضُهُمُ الْبَعْضُ 184
reflexive 338
reflexive pronoun 183
reiteration, numerals of 393
relation of tenses 437
relations of tenses 437
relative clause 69, 365
relative clauses 336, 364-366
relative clauses, shortened 502
relative pronoun 69, 364
relative pronouns 69,72, 336, 617
repeated action 264
requests 563
root 41, 47, 261, 503, 588
root consonant 390, 588
root letter 93, 588
root letter و / ى 287
root letters 41, 91, 236
roots 41-42
routine action 264
rules of agreement 95
script 12
script, Arabic 7, 11-13
scripts, Arabic 15
semi- 533-534
sentence, conditional 437, 444
sentence, conditional, real 437
sentence, exceptive 469
sentence, nominal 24-25,160, 181, 263, 501
sentence, two-sided 615-616
sentence, verbal 94-95,96, 208, 263, 441, 501
sentences, concessive 443
sentences, conditional 437, 444, 564
sentences, conditional, real 439, 440, 442
sentences, conditional, unreal 441
sentences, conditional, with إِذَا 437-441
sentences, conditional, with لَوْ 441-442
sentences, exceptive 467, 564
sentences, exceptive, without negation 468
sentences, Imperfect, negation of 438
sentences, interrogative 94, 180
sentences, object 95
sentences, nominal 24, 65, 69, 438, 611, 618
sentences, nominal, affirmative 263
sentences, verbal 26, 438, 611, 616, 618
sentences with أَنَّ, غَيْرَ أَنَّ إلَّا 466
sentences with أَنَّ 95
sentences with أَنْ and أَنَّ 611-614
sentences with لِأَنَّ, إِذْ, حَيْثُ a. o. 466
sentences with (وَ)لٰكِنْ, (وَ)لٰكِنَّ, بَلْ, (وَ)لَا 465-466
sentences with two objects 336
sequence of vowels 333, 334
several 183-184
Shadda 5, 7
short vowel 71, 236, 592
short vowel sign 65
short vowels 5, 236
shortened relative clauses 502
sign for doubling 16
sign for short vowel a 16
sign for short vowel i 16
sign for short vowel u 16
sign for the absence of a vowel 16
signs, auxiliary 5
simple noun 359, 368
simple nouns 359
since 156
single action, noun of the 503
single specimen 586
singular 22, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 65, 66, 69, 91, 95, 158, 179, 180, 181, 182, 209, 210, 364, 411, 412, 413, 414, 585, 586, 619
singular form 43, 95, 336, 586
singular nouns 617
singulars 365
sisters of إِنَّ 501
Sisters of ظَنَّ 392
Sisters of كَادَ 265-266
Sisters of كَانَ 264-265
Sisters of kāna 266
situations 338
so that 156
some 183-184
sound feminine plural 42, 66
sound feminine plurals 66, 364
sound masculine plural 42, 67, 117, 118, 368
sound masculine plurals 66, 209
sound plural 42, 43, 47, 585
sound plural form 44, 46
sound verb 92, 96
sound verbs 91, 92-94, 113, 207, 234, 261, 262, 263, 333
specimen, single 586
speech 96, 613
speech, direct 209
speech, indirect 209
spelling 7, 12, 69, 118, 157, 236, 360, 591
spelling rules 289
spoken Arabic 237, 264
stable word combinations 115
standard Arabic 387, 468, 615
state 263, 366, 504
state, construct 115
statement 293, 465, 562, 613
statement, negated 444
states 338
status 365, 416
status of (in-)definiteness 44, 45
stress 7, 71,72, 94
stress markers 71
string of genitive constructs 117
structure, basic 263, 287
structure أَفْعَلُ 413, 415, 419
structure تَفَعَّلَ 263
structure فَاعَلَ 262
structure فَاعِلٌ 390
structure فَعَّلَ 261
structure فَعْلَةٌ 503
structure فِعَالٌ 390
structure فُعَالِيٌّ 394
structure فَعُولٌ 390
structure فَعِيلٌ 390
structure مُفَاعَل(ةٌ) 390
structure مِفْعَالٌ 388
structure مَفْعِلٌ 389
structure مَفْعَل(ةٌ) 390
structure مَفْعَلَةٌ 389
structure مَفْعِلَةُ 389
structure مِفْعَلَةٌ 388
structures, basic 612
subject 24, 25, 26, 65, 69, 91, 94, 95, 96, 156, 181, 208-209,292, 333, 336, 337, 365, 442, 501, 504, 505, 506-507, 506, 507, 562, 611, 612, 615, 616, 619
subject, passive 338
subject in the accusative 506-507
subjunctive 91, 96, 155-156, 234-236,237, 263, 266, 440, 504, 564, 611, 612
subordinate clause 292, 443, 463, 464, 466, 611, 612
subordinate clauses 94, 156
substitute of the subject 333
suffix 45, 92, 113, 119, 234, 592, 617
suffix, personal pronoun 69, 70, 117, 183
suffix, possessive pronoun 119
suffix, pronominal 156, 182, 183, 208, 366, 414, 465, 466, 501, 615, 619
suffix, pronoun 118, 119, 121, 502
suffix ا 23
suffix ـه 118
suffix ـهُ 507
suffix pronoun 181, 209, 362
suffixes 41, 71, 92, 117, 120, 155, 292, 588
suffixes, adjective 588
suffixes, pronominal 182, 617
suffixes, pronoun 117-120
Sukūn 5, 22, 159, 236
sun letters 21, 46
superlative 360, 368, 414, 415, 416, 419
superlative form 412
surprise 507-508,509
surprise and amazement in the accusative 507-508
t-infix 287
Tā‘ marbūṭa 4, 503
Tamyīz 506
Tamyīz accusative 416-417
Tamyīz-accusative 416, 417, 419, 506
tamyīz (accusative) 420
tanwīn 65-68
tense 41, 91, 263, 366, 441, 506
tense, future 114, 121, 156, 158, 441
tense, Imperfect 91, 155, 156, 207, 233-234,333, 335, 336, 438, 439
tense, past 437, 438, 439, 440
tense, Perfect 91, 92-94, 96, 155, 156, 158, 160, 207-208,335, 437, 438, 439, 442, 443, 464, 467, 616
tense, present 24, 121, 158, 160, 263, 437, 438, 441
tenses 91, 437
tenses, relations of 437
text, unvocalized 5
text, vocalized 5
texts, unvocalized 209, 236
texts, vocalized 65
that 23
that (أَنَّ) 95, 156
that … not 156
these 43
third 533-534
this 23
those 43
time 240-241
time, military 240
time, present 121
title 586, 593
titles 532
to 156
too big, too long 618
too big / too long 618
transcription 45
transitive 337, 338
transitive verb 91, 96, 293
transitive verbs 289, 502, 611
transliteration 6, 7
transliteration, English 7
triliteral 91, 96, 503, 588
triliteral nouns 390
triptotes 68
two-sided sentence 615-616,619
typeface 15
typefaces 15
types of Arabic scripts 15
uncertain action in the future 613
undeclinable nouns 617-618,619
underived noun 359
unreal comparisons 442
unreal conditional clause 264
unreal conditional sentences 441, 442
unreal genitive construct 418-419,420
until 156
unspecific quantities 180
unvocalized 68
unvocalized text 5
unvocalized texts 209, 236
use, nominal 293
use of كَانَ 263-264
use of the infinitive 292-293
use of the participle as predicate 366
use of the participles 364
use of the particle فَـ 438
value, phonetic 208
vehicles 368
verb 26, 41, 70, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 113-114, 118, 156, 161, 207, 208, 209, 234, 236, 261-263,266, 288, 289, 292, 293, 336, 337, 359, 364, 366, 414, 437, 438, 439, 442, 443, 466, 467, 502, 505, 506, 562, 563, 586, 589, 611, 612, 613, 615, 616, 619
verb, auxiliary 263
verb, derived 96
verb, double transitive 338
verb, full 96
verb, hamzated 93, 96
verb, Imperfect 265
verb, intransitive 91, 96
verb, negated 467
verb, Perfect 505
verb, sound 92, 96
verb, transitive 91, 96, 293
verb R1 و / ى 212
verb R2 و / ى 212
verb R2 = R3 93, 96
verb R3 و / ى 212
verb أَتَى 236-237
verb جَاءَ 236-237
verb رَأَى 236-237
verb كَانَ 263
verb لَيْسَ 438
verb types 237
verbal action 41, 42, 158, 292, 368, 503, 504, 505
verbal actions 562
verbal clause 612
verbal noun 41, 121, 294, 336, 367, 416, 590
verbal noun, artificial 294
verbal noun with „Mīm 294
verbal pattern 502
verbal patterns 261
verbal sentence 94-95,96, 208, 263, 441, 501
verbal sentences 26, 438, 611, 616, 618
verbs 70, 91,92, 113, 119, 155, 157, 159, 161, 207, 212, 233, 234, 236-237,261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 287, 288, 291, 293, 334, 336, 366, 389, 390, 562, 563, 564, 613
verbs, colloquial 237
verbs, derived 337
verbs, double transitive 336-337, 501
verbs, doubly transitive 390-392
verbs, hamzated 91, 93, 113
verbs, intransitive 289, 612
verbs, modal 613
verbs, passive 612
verbs, quadriliteral 261, 290, 360
verbs, sound 91, 92-94,113, 207, 234, 261, 262, 263, 333
verbs, transitive 289, 502, 611
verbs, weak 207, 234, 261, 262, 263, 289, 361, 362, 503
verbs, which make a statement 156
verbs of communication and expression 612
verbs of demanding, ordering, suggesting, wishing, doubting, fearing or emotions 613
verbs of hope, fear, wish, demand 156
verbs of knowing or believing 612
verbs of perception 612
verbs R1 = أ 157
verbs R1 = و 157
verbs R1 = و / ى 234, 287
verbs R1 = ى 263
verbs R2 = R3 91, 93, 94, 113
verbs R2 = و / ى 288
verbs R3 = و / ى 236
verbs with R1 = و 207, 233, 237
verbs with R1 = ى 207, 233
verbs with R2 = و / ى 233, 235, 236, 262
verbs with R2 = و or ى 207
verbs with R2 = ى 233
verbs with R3 = و / ى 234, 235, 237, 261, 262
verbs with R3 = و or ى 207
verbs with و / ى 333
verbs with و / ى as R1, R2, R3 261
verbs with وand ى 207-208, 233-234
verbs with و or ى as R1, R2 or R3 91
vessels 387-388
vocalization 207, 261, 360, 507
vocalization markers 263
vocalizations 5
vocalized text 5
vocalized texts 65
vocative particle يَا 507
voice, active 91, 96, 333
voice, passive 91, 96, 287, 293, 333-336, 336-337,338, 366
vowel 3, 5, 16, 21, 22, 71, 93, 113, 119, 155, 207, 233, 262, 287, 288, 591, 592
vowel, auxiliary 93, 159
vowel, Imperfect 113, 157, 389
vowel, initial 157, 234, 236
vowel, long 21, 71, 207, 233, 234, 287, 361, 390, 592
vowel, short 71, 236, 592
vowel combination 5
vowel endings 120
vowel order 333
vowel sequence 333
vowel sign 65
vowel sign, short 65
vowel signs 7, 16, 68, 155, 156
vowelless 591
vowels 3, 4, 5, 7, 16, 41, 71, 261, 333, 591
vowels, long 41, 71
vowels, sequence of 333, 334
vowels, short 5, 41, 236
Waṣla 21, 22
weak letter 212
weak verbs 207, 234, 261, 262, 263, 289, 361, 362, 503
what 184
which 184
whether 440
whole 181-182
wish 266
without 536
word combinations, stable 115
word order 24, 94, 95, 180, 181, 208, 209, 212, 615, 616
word stem 617
writing techniques 12
years in dates 211-212
>>yes<< or >>no<< question 24